SSLC Social Science (EM): Rural Development | Model Question-answers

SSLC Social Science Solved Questions/Model Questions and Answers (Q&A) on the Lesson: Rural Development for the SSLC English Medium students have been updated in this post below. The students of SSLC can make use of this Online Study Package to get good scores in the SSLC examinations.

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SSLC Social Science (EM): Rural Development | Model Question-answers

RURAL DEVELOPMENT

One Marks Questions

Answer: Mahatma Gandhiji

Answer: a three-tier

Answer: Decentralization

Answer: Women Self-Help Groups

One Marks Questions

Answer: 68.84%

Answer: Mahatma Gandhiji said that the development of its villages is the true development of India

Answer: The rural industries further disintegrated due to the competition from modern industries.

Answer: The rural people continued to migrate to cities because agriculture being non-remunerative and employment not being regular.

Answer: Rural development means a process of economic and social upliftment of rural areas.

Answer: Stagnation and slow growth of agriculture is the prime reason for rural Backwardness.

Answer: Providing administrative power and the responsibility of developing the village to the people themselves is called decentralization.

Answer: Decentralization is also a process that aims at planning and development from below. This process of Decentralization was called "Grama Swarajya" by Mahatma Gandhi.

Answer: The Panchayat Raj system has been rejuvenated in India in order to promote decentralization.

Answer: The Panchayat Raj system was established in 1993.

Answer: By the 73rd Constitutional Amendment The Panchayat Raj system was established.

Answer: In Karnataka, there are 30 Zilla Panchayats, 176 Taluk Panchayats, and 6,022 Gram Panchayats.

Answer:
1) Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
2) Ambedkar-Valmiki Housing Programme
3) Ashraya Yojana

Answer: Women Self-Help Groups have been created in all villages to organize poor rural women and making them financially independent.

Answer: district, taluk and village panchayats.

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Two 0r Three Marks Questions

Answer:
1) Poverty has increased among the rural people who depend mainly on agriculture.
2) Though 60% of the people work in the primary sector, the contribution from this sector to the national income is very less. 3) The gap between urban and rural areas is widening.

Answer:
1) Rural development includes agricultural and non-agricultural development.
2) It contributes to the overall development of the country.
3) Increased farm incomes will create greater demand for industrial products
4) thereby generating additional employment and leading to an expansion of those sectors also.
5) With increased literacy and skill levels higher productivity could be achieved.
6) Better health also results in higher work participation by the people and increased output.
7)With this, migration to cities will be reduced.
8) All these contribute toward the reduction of poverty.

Answer:
1) Providing administrative power and the responsibility of developing the village to people themselves is called decentralization.
2) It is a process through which power-sharing occurs.
3) people participate in decision making.
4) It is also a process that aims at planning and development from below.
5)This process was called ‟Grama Swarajya‟ by Mahatma Gandhi.
6) Decentralization reduces various kinds of exploitation, upholds human independence and dignity.

Answer:
1) Panchayat raj institutions play a key role in enabling the rural people to participate in rural development.
2) They are responsible for implementing various schemes related to poverty alleviation.
3) They provide the rural community with basic facilities of roads, drains, drinking water, etc.
4) Through the encouragement of primary and middle school education, panchayats have also attempted to develop human resources.
5) The generation of employment and alleviation of poverty can be implemented effectively through panchayat institutions.
6) The public distribution system in villages is strengthened and poor people are provided with the essential food grains.

Answer:
1) Development of human resources
2) Land reforms
3) Development of the productive resources of each locality
4) Infrastructure development like electricity, irrigation, credit marketing
5) transport facilities
6) Specific programmes of alleviation of poverty

Answer:
1) a three-tier structure of the district, taluk and village panchayats with the Gram Sabha as foundation direct and periodic elections.
2) reservation of seats for scheduled castes (SCs) and scheduled tribes (STs), backward classes and women.
3) provision of major financial and administrative responsibilities, budget and audit requirements.
4) provision for executive/support staff.
5) a strict procedure for dissolution/ suppression of panchayats and mandatory elections within six months of dissolution.

Answer:
1) Women Self-Help Groups have been created in all villages in the rural sector.
2) These have been playing a significant role in organizing poor rural women and making them financially independent.
3) Members of these groups can avail of loans easily and engage in productive activities.
4) These associations have been successful in mobilizing savings and in repayment of loans.
5) Through the self-help groups, alert women are able to get rid of social evils like child marriage, dowry, caste system, superstitions, exploitation of women and children.
6) They are able to contribute towards building a clean and progressive society.

Answer:
1) Poverty has increased among the rural people who depend mainly on agriculture.
2) Though 60% of the people work in the primary sector, the contribution from this sector to the national income is very little and is declining over the years.
3) Due to this, the gap between urban and rural areas is widening.

Answer:
1. Literacy and skills.
2. Health and sanitation.
3. Improvement of infrastructure.
4. Agriculture development
5. Expansion of irrigation and land reforms.
6. Improvement of transport, communication and markets.

Answer:
1. Increased farm incomes in creating greater demand fo industries.
2. Increased literacy and skill levels.
3. Better health also results in higher work participation.
4. Small scale and cottage industries to develop leading to gradual transformation.
5. Migration to cities will be reduced.

Answer:
1.Three-tires system of panchayat has come into existence.
2. Direct and periodic elections for 5 Years.
3. Reservation of seats for SC’s, ST’s OBC’s and women.
4. Provision for major Financial and Administrative responsibilities.
5. District, taluk and village Panchayath with the Grama sabha funded.
6. Provisions for executive/support of staff.
7. StrictProcedure for dissolution /Suppression of Panchayats.

Answer:
1. They promote the development of human resources.
2. They provide Education.
3. Providing Technical and vocational training.
4. Expansion of health and Hygiene.

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