SSLC Social Science (EM): Indian Transport and Communication | Model Question-answers

SSLC Social Science Solved Questions/Model Questions and Answers (Q&A) on the Lesson: Indian Transport and Communication for the SSLC English Medium students have been updated in this post below. The students of SSLC can make use of this Online Study Package to get good scores in the SSLC examinations.

SSLC Social Science (EM): Indian Transport and Communication

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Indian Transport and Communication

One Marks Questions

Answer: Bombay, Thane

Answer: Gateway of India

Answer: Kempegowda International Airport

Answer: 1822

Answer: To convert mud roads into the metaled road

Answer: 1999

Answer: National Highway 07

Answer: Mumbai

Answer: Kochi

Answer: Bombay Samachar

Answer: The Manali – Leh road

Answer: The Hazira – Bijapura – Jagadishpur gas pipeline is the longest pipeline (2300 kms) in India.

To reduce the pressure of Traffic on Chennai port.

Answer: Kolkatta Port

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Two Marks Questions

Answer:
There are three types of transport systems.
a) Land transport:- Roads, Railways, Pipelines.
b) Water transport:- Inland waterways, Ocean transport.
c) Airways:- National airways, International airways.

Answer:
Metaled roads are constructed with cement concrete or asphalt. Unmetered roads are common in rural areas.

Answer:
On the basis of construction and maintenance roads are classified into five types.
They are
• Golden quadrilateral and superhighways
• National Highways
• State Highways
• District roads
• Village roads

Answer:
The superhighways are divided into two divisions.
a) The north-south corridor runs from Srinagar to Kanyakumari.
b) The east-west corridor runs from Silchar in Assam to Porbandar to Gujarat.

Answer:
• Railways are the other important mode of land transport.
• They are very useful to carry heavy goods and large number of passengers over a long distance.
• They play a vital role in the development of agriculture, industry and economy of India.
• They help to expand trade and tourism.

Answer:
They are a new model of land transport
• Pipelines are laid under the earth’s surface.
• They are mostly used to transport crude oil from oil fields to refineries, natural gas and mineral slurry.
• They help to expand trade and tourism.

Answer:
Waterways can be divided into two types.
• Inland waterways:- rivers, lakes, backwaters, and canals are the inland waterways.
• Ocean waterways:- Water transport through seas and oceans form ocean waterways.

Answer:
• Water transport through seas and oceans from ocean waterways India has a long coastline and some ports.
• India is located at the centre of the eastern hemisphere.v • Nearly 85% of our foreign trade is in seaborne.
• All these factors favour ocean transport.

Answer: This is one of the most important communication systems that have existed for a long time in India.
• Post office provides many services such as carrying letters, packets, parcels, money order etc from one place to another.
• They also provided savings bank facilities issuing national savings certificates etc.

Answer:
• Transport means the movement of goods, services and passengers from one place to another.
• It provides the utility of place and time. It links production, distribution, exchange and all other related activities.
• Conveyance of messages from one person to another or from one place to another is called “Communication”.

Three and Four Marks Questions

Answer:
• Transport plays a very important role in the development of all factors of human activities namely the primary sector, the secondary sector.
• It is said that “If agriculture and industries are the body and bones of a national organism, transport and communications are the nerves”.
• Efficient and cheap means of transport helps to develop resources, agriculture, promotes industrial progress, widen the market, increases internal and external trade, provide employınent, raises the income and standard of living of the people, encourages tourism and helps the defence.

Answer:
• Roads are the most ancient and universal means of transport.
• They play a vital role in the economic growth of a nation.
• India is a land of villages and mainly an agricultural nation.
• For the development of agriculture and village industries, roads are essential, because they are very convenient to connect isolated villages.
• Roads can be constructed in forests and hilly regions.
• They connect remote places with towns and cities, provide to door service.
• They are the feeders to railways, sea commerce, and industries.
• They create employment opportunities and are most useful for defence, especially in border areas.

Answer:
• Indira Gandhi International Airport – Delhi
• Chatrapathi Shivaji International Airport – Mumbai
• Netaji Subash Chandra Bose International Airport – Kolkata
• Anna International Airport – Chennai
• Kempegowda International Airport – Bengaluru
• Rajeev Gandhi International Airport – Hyderabad
• Sri Guru Ramdas Jee International Airport – Amritsar
• Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport – Guwahati
• Biju Patnaik International Airport – Bhubaneshwar
• Saradar Vallabhai Patel International Airport – Ahmedabad
• Veer Savarkar International Airport – Portblair
• Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport – Nagpur
Zaruki International Airport – Shillong
• Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport – Varanasi

Answer:
• It helps in quick transmission and discrimination of ideas, information and messages from person to person and place to place.
• Communication helps in creating awareness among the people about government policies and programmes of development.
• It enables us to know about natural hazards and disasters, weather forecasting etc. It helps in the progress of trade, industry, agriculture etc.
• It provided entertainment, day to day information about the world. Helps to maintain the unity and integrity of the country.

Answer:
The Geographical Information System (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), and Remote Sensing Technology have been developed in India.

• GIS is a computer-based system that can accumulate and Internet data on the Earth’s surface.
• The GPS indicates the location of a stationary or moving object or person by pointing out the latitude and longitude and height above sea level.
• The remote sensing technology collects information regarding the Earth’s surface.
• It gathers information about the distance between two objects without touching the objects. Aerial and satellite photos are taken through remote sensing.

Answer:
Golden Quadrilateral and Super Highways:

• The Golden Quadrilateral is a project with 4 to 6 lane roads.
• It was started in 1999.
• This highway network connects major cities as well as cultural and industrial centres of the country.
• It links Delhi – Jaipur – Ahmedabad – Surat – Mumbai – Pune – Bengaluru – Chennai – Visakhapatnam – Bhubaneswar – Kolkata – Allahabad – Kanpur – Delhi.

The Super Highways are divided into two divisions:

(a) The North-South corridor which runs from Srinagar to Kanyakumari and
(b) The East-West corridor runs from Silchar in Assam to Porbandar in Gujarat.
They also connect many important cities, industrial centres, and ports. The construction and maintenance of these roads are under the control of the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).

Answer:
• In India the railways were constructed during the British period for convenient transport of raw materials and the movement of the army from one place to another.
• The first railway line was laid between Bombay and Thane in 1853, followed by Kolkata to Raniganj 1854, Chennai to Arkonam.
• Then gradually developed in other parts of the country.
• The railways are divided into 16 zones for the purposes of efficient management.
• They play a vital role in the development of agriculture, industry and economy of India.
• They help to expand trade and tourism.

Answer:
• Transport plays a very important role in the development of all factors of human activities.
• It is said that “If agriculture and industries are the body and bones of a national organism, transport and communications are the nerves”.
• Efficient and cheap means of transport helps to develop resources, agriculture.
• Promotes industrial progress, widen the market Provides employment.
• Raises the income and standard of living of the people.
• Encourages tourism and helps the defence.

Answer:
1. Air transport is the quickest means of transport. It is very efficient to carry passengers and mail. In times of emergencies like war, floods, earthquakes. India is a vast country and has all the favourable factors for the development of air transport.

2. There are two separate corporations for operational purposes.
• Air India International which provides services between India and various other countries.
• Indian Airlines operates within the country and also connects neighbouring countries.
Now there are private air transport companies holding permits for non-schedules services. i.c., Jet Airways, Sahara Airways, Paramount Airways etc.

Answer:
Today India has various modes of communication. They may be broadly divided into two categories.

a) Personal communication:-
Ex:- Letters, Telephone, Telegram, Fax, E-mail, Internet, Seminar, Conference etc.

b) Mass communication:-
Ex:- Newspaper, Radio, Television, Magazines and Books come under Mass Media.

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