SSLC Social Science (EM): Indian Industries | Model Question-answers

SSLC Social Science Solved Questions/Model Questions and Answers (Q&A) on the Lesson: Indian Industries for the SSLC English Medium students have been updated in this post below. The students of SSLC can make use of this Online Study Package to get good scores in the SSLC examinations.

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SSLC Social Science (EM): Indian Industries | Model Question-answers

Indian Industries

One Marks Questions

Answer: Karnataka.

Answer: Aluminium.

Answer: Forest

Answer: Serumpum.

Answer: Manufacturing Industries

Answer: Pillar in Mehrauli (Delhi)

Answer: 1874 at Kulti

Answer: Paradweep in Odisha

Answer: Non-ferrous

Answer: Jayakaynagar

Answer: Aluminium

Answer: 1854

Sugar Industry

Answer: Serampura

Answer: Knowledge-based Industries.

Answer: Software and Hardware

Answer: 1995

Answer: Bangalore

Answer: Brazil.

Answer: Knowledge-based industry

Answer: Mumbai.

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Two Marks Questions

Answer:
• It is the basis of all other industries.
• Many industries like engineering, locomotives, machine tools, automobiles, agricultural equipment, etc, depending on the iron and steel industry.
• It is the most important metal-based industry in India.

Answer:
The location of the aluminium industry is mainly governed by
• The availability of Bauxite.
• It is the main raw material.
• Supply of hydroelectric power.
• Wide market and capital.

Answer:
• Paper is an indispensable and useful product.
• It is used for many purposes such as writing, wrapping, packing, printing, etc.
• Education and literacy level in a country are measured by the consumption of paper in that country.

Answer: The raw materials used in this industry are softwood like bamboo and cellulosic pulp, glasses like Sabai and Babar.

Answer:
• The development of a knowledge-based industry has become a powerful tool of socio-economic change.
• India has the potential to become a leading knowledge-based industry with its young population and growing information technology.
• So, at present, it is a very rapidly developing industry in the country.

Three and Four Marks Questions

Answer:
The factors of the location of Iron and Steel industry are
• Supply of basic raw material of iron ore.
• Coking coal as the main source of power and hydel power.
• Railway transport and poll facilities.
• Plenty of water supply.
• Cheap labour.
• Capital and local market.

Answer:
• Indian Iron and Steel Co. (IISCO) at Burnpur in West Bengal.
• Vishweshwaraiah Iron and Steel Ltd. (VISL) at Bhadravathi in Karnataka.
• Hindustan Steel Ltd. at Bhilai, Drug district in Chattisgarh.
• Hindustan steel Ltd at Rourkela, Sundargarh district in Odisha.
• Hindustan steeLLtd at Durgapur in West Bengal.
• Bokaro Steel Plant at Bokaro in Jharkhand.
• The Salem Steel plant at Salem in Tamilnadu.
• The Vishakapatnam Steel Plant (VSP) at Vishakapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.
• Daitari Steel Plant at Daitari near Paradip in Odisha.
• Tata Steel Plant at Kalinganagar in Odisha.

Answer:
Many natural resources and raw materials cannot be utilized directly. They have to be processed or refined. For example conversion of sugarcane into sugar, iron ore into steel. So, the conversion of raw materials into usable products is known as ‘manufacturing industries’.

The factor of location:
• Supply of raw materials.
• Supply of power.
• Transport and communication facilities.
• Market facilities.
• Capital.
• Labor and water supply.
• Ideal climate.
• Government policies.

Answer:
In India, there are 8 major industrial regions. They are
• The Hooghly – Kolkata region.
• The Mumbai – Pune region.
• The Ahmedabad – Vadodara region.
• The Madurai – Coimbatore region.
• The Delhi – Meerut region.
• Visakhapatnam – Guntur region.
• The Kollam – Thiruvananthapuram region.
• Damodar valley Industrial Region.

Answer:
1. Aluminium is the most important non – ferrous metal. It has a wide range of uses.
2. It is used in manufacturing aeroplanes, automobiles, railways, ships, household appliances, electrical cables and its foils are used as packing materials, for paint industry, etc.
3. It is a good substitute for steel and copper.

The location of the aluminium industry is mainly governed by
• The availability of bauxite, which is the main raw material.
• Supply of hydroelectric power, iii. Wide market and capital.

Answer:
• Cotton textile industry is widely distributed over more than 76 towns and cities of India.
• Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana.
• Maharashtra and Gujrat are the leading manufactures of cotton textiles.
• Mumbai is the most popular centre for the cotton textile industry. It is known as the ‘cotton polos of India’ and Manchester of India.

Answer:
• The term “Knowledge-based industries” usually refer to those industries which are relatively intensive in their inputs of technology and human education.
• The development of a knowledge-based industry has become a powerful tool of socio-economic change.
• At present it is a very rapidly developing industry in the country.
• Information Technology is a key knowledge-based industry. Its main components are software and hardware.
• To encouraging the industry many software technology parks (STP) were established (1995) in different parts of the country.
• Karnataka has achieved a great name in the software industry.

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